An hour of watching the Discovery Channel can teach you the importance of survival skills. After all, you wouldn’t want to be stuck in the woods without knowing how to start a fire or defending yourself against wild animals.
Emergency situations call for you to make quick decisions but that won’t be easy if you do not have the appropriate skills to take action. So, stop lazing around the couch and prepare yourself for the worst. Here are a few basic survival skills you should know:
In most intense survival situations, water comes first. Why’s that, you ask? Well, that is pretty obvious since 60% of the human body consists of water. Dehydration can prevent the overall human system from functioning properly.
Unfortunately, most lost persons perish due to lack of water, dehydration or due to devastating effects of water-borne diseases from untreated water. Survivors must know that springs, collecting morning dew and head-water streams are among the purest water sources in the wilderness.
Our water sources are borne to be contaminated by metals and harmful water-borne pathogens. Purifying water has become much easier thanks to filtering pumps and purification tablets, such as iodine. However, one might not have access to such luxuries during a difficult time. The easiest and most widely used method of purifying water is boiling it. Allow the water to boil for a couple of minutes to kill harmful viruses and bacteria.
Though starting a fire may not seem like an important survival need at first, knowing how to start a fire is one of the most basic survival skills you should know. After all, it will keep you warm, help you cook food, boil water, dry clothes scare away wild animals and might help you attract the attention of rescue teams.
Above all, a fire provides a psychological sense of security that creates a sense of safety, allowing you to take a sigh of relief.
When heading out to the wilderness, it is integral you carry handy supplies, such as matchboxes, lighters, flint and steel. However, keep in mind that starting a fire can be challenging despite having access to these tools, especially if it is windy outside.
Good fire making skills can save your life and can be invaluable in a difficult survival situation. In case you do not have access to modern fire-starting tools, creating fire by friction is among the most primitive techniques. Other methods include fire plow, hand drill and bow drill.
Sure, human beings can survive up to 3 weeks without food but not having access to proper nutrition can cause you to feel dizzy, weak and unable to think straight. Fortunately, the wilderness is home to several edible plants that can meet your nutritional needs.
Wild plants, insects and wild game can fulfill your sufficient survival needs. However, for this, it is integral you learn to identify plants that are safe enough to eat. One must also know how to identify different kinds of berries as you wouldn’t want to be munching on the poisonous kind.
If you cannot identify the plant, don’t eat it! Learning how to plant seeds is also a useful skill that can come in handy. Additionally, you should also learn how to hunt game as wild animals can prove a great source of proteins.
Learn how to cook meals with minimal resources as these skills will certainly come in handy. For more information, invest in guidebooks on how to identify plants and cook meals in the wild. You can also ask a friend or an expert to teach you have to hunt.
Sure, in most cases, you can ignore small cuts and minor injuries but you still need to keep the wound clean to prevent infections. Deep wounds and injuries need to be treated right away. To stop the flow of blood, you can resort to a tourniquet.
Tourniquets are used to cover injuries and tighten the limb above the injuries. It should be at least one-inch wide. You can use a wide strip of a shirt, piece of cloth or anything else that would stop the blood from flowing. Tighten the tourniquet until blood stops flowing and then cover the wound with a clean piece of material.
In order to actually survive, you will need to develop the mental traits of a survivor. That’s right, you can’t run around, panicking in the woods like a sissy and then expects to get yourself out alive. The best survivors are always up for a challenge, they are courageous, have a sense of humor and do not cry over spilled milk.
Most important of all, they work with whatever little they have and don’t give up. If you are unable to adopt this attitude, surviving on your own will seem difficult and almost impossible. Learn to challenge yourself and read survival books to get motivation. This will help you develop the right attitude.
A true survivor knows how to build primitive shelters, such as snow caves, scout pits and squirrel’s nest. Building a shelter can save your life during severe weather condition, protect you against the rain, hide from wild animals or at least make your stay more comfortable.
Learn how to create shelter using basic items, such as pieces of woods, garbage bags and plastic tarp. You should at least know how to climb a tree.
These are just a few basic survival skills you should know to stay safe during an unplanned emergency or disaster. In order to prepare perfectly, consider packing a survival backpack or kit in your home, office or vehicle. This will ensure you have everything you need during a difficult situation. Good luck!